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Training Services

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Course 101 - Fundamentals of Telecommunications

This course provides an introduction to the fundamentals of telecommunications. It will develop a foundation for understanding telecom and data communications. It explores voice networks, data networks, broadband networks, wireless networks, signaling networks, packet switching, digital telephony ISDN, B-ISDN, satellite, cellular, wireless communications and wireline-wireless integration.

This 2 day, informative course is for managers, developers, engineers and architects who need to develop an understanding of how to create, design, implement and support telecom/datacom applications, systems, services and others. This course is vendor-neutral, thus maximizing the true value of this telecom educational experience for its attendees.

This course provides you with a comprehensive foundation in telecommunications systems and products, services and applications development, as well as the knowledge required to implement telecom systems that meet the needs of your business.

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Topics this course will cover:

  • Fundamental technologies forming today's telecommunications and communications industry
  • Strategic view of emerging and future telecommunications technologies
  • Voice networks and telephony fundamentals
  • Backbone network technologies such as the Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) / Signaling System Number 7 (SS7), Frame Relay and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
  • B-ISDN
  • Broadband Networks
  • ATM Fundamentals
  • Fiber Optic Systems
  • CDPD
  • Data Communications Fundamentals
  • Digital Loop Carrier Technology
  • Digital Networks
  • Digital Telephony
  • Distribution
  • Exchange Access
  • HFC
  • Hybrid Fiber/Coax
  • IDLC / GR-303
  • Intelligent Networks
  • Interexchange network architectures, transmission and switches
  • Internet Telephony
  • IS-41
  • ISDN
  • LNP
  • Network access topics such as Hybrid Fiber/Coax (HFC), FTTL, FTTC
  • Network Management
  • New service capabilities such as the Internet
  • Operations and Maintenance
  • Packet Switching Technologies
  • Security and Privacy
  • Signaling System 7
  • Surveillance Systems
  • Switching
  • Synchronization
  • Transmission
  • Basic Wireless and Mobile Networks
  • Wireless and Wireline Integration
  • Wireless Communications
  • Wireless Intelligent Networks
  • Similarities and differences between wireless and wireline network components.
  • Identify potential wireless/wireline integration roadblocks.
  • Conclude how wireless and wireline services and features work together.
  • Cellular Communications
  • An overview of the differences between analog, digital and optical signals
  • CDMA
  • GSM
  • PCS
  • TDMA
  • Mobile Services Interconnection
  • Satellite Communications

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Who should attend

This course is designed to provide a general overview for strategic or technical managers, consultants, communications professionals, software engineers, system engineers, network professionals, marketing and sales professional, information systems engineers, and other telecommunications/data communications professionals who plan on using, evaluating or working with telecommunications and communications equipment, suppliers, and services.

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This is an introductory course with no prerequisites.

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Course Outline

 Telecommunications Services, Technologies and Standards Overview

  • The role of telecommunications in today’s business world
  • Overview of concepts and buzzwords
  • Overview of Standards
  • ITU-T
  • ISO
  • ATM Forum
  • SIF
  • ETSI
  • IETF
  • T1
  • ANSI
  • TCIF
  • IEC
  • TIA
  • TINA-C
  • Bellcore

 Exchange and Interexchange Network Architecture

  • Introduction to the Network
  • Description of North American Numbering Plan (NANP)
  • Local Access and Transport Areas (LATAs)

Introduction to Customer Premises Equipment (CPE)

  • Identification of CPE
  • How CPE Impacts the Network

Distribution/Local Loop/Outside Plant Facilities

  • Explanation and Identification of the Elements in the "Distribution"
  • Part of the Network

Traffic and Signaling

  • Traffic concept
  • Description of network signaling
  • Switches

Transmission Technologies

  • Transmission definition
  • Analog signals vs. digital signals
  • Methods of transmissions

Switching Fundamentals

  • Basic Functions of a Telecommunications Switch (NE)
  • Various Types of Switches and Switching Systems

Emerging Technologies and Services

  • Intelligent Network (IN)
  • TINA-C
  • Definition of Common Channel Signaling (CCS) and Signaling System 7 (SS7)
  • Identification of Network Elements(NE) common to the CCS network
  • Identification of services that are available with the IN

Telecom Networks

  • ISDN
  • B-ISDN
  • ATM
  • VDO
  • AIN
  • SMDS
  • AIN

Intelligent Networks (INs)

  • Signaling System Number 7 (SS7)
  • Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) Architecture
  • Local Number Portability (LNP)
  • AIN Service Examples

Role of Internet in Telecommunications

  • Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
  • Internet WWW Technology
  • Internet Telephony
  • Emerging Applications
  • IPv6 and Special High-Speed Internets
  • ATM and IP

Competitive Network Technologies

  • Competitive Network Architectures
  • Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) / Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) and Dense Wavelength
  • Division Multiplex (DWDM) Concepts
  • Competitive Local Exchange Carrier (CLEC) Architectures
  • Cable Company Evolution
  • Compression Technology Basics
  • Local Exchange Carrier (LEC) Evolution
  • Direct Satellite TV and Data
  • Wireless Cable / Multichannel Microwave Distribution Service (MMDS)

Frame Relay, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and Internet Protocol (IP)

  • Wide Area Data Networking
  • High-Speed Networking Basics
  • Frame Relay
  • ATM
  • Internet Protocol Wide Area Networking

Overview of wireless communications

  • Evolution of wireless technology
  • Advantages and limitations of wireless solutions
  • Evaluating wireless system hardware
  • Services best provided by wireless means
  • Vendors and providers of wireless products and services
  • How to assure safety and security

Wireless systems technology overview

  • Analog vs. digital wireless technology
  • Principles of modulation, signal propagation & spectrum considerations
  • Sharing resources via multiplexing and multiple access techniques

Wireless Communications Networks

  • Cellular Network Concepts
  • Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) / Advanced Mobile Phone Service (AMPS)
  • Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
  • IS-136 and Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)
  • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) EIA-TIA IS-95
  • Personal Communications Service (PCS)
  • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
  • Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio (ESMR)
  • Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS)
  • Satellite-Based Systems

Wireless applications

  • Wireless LANs and WANs
  • Interconnecting LANs within a building
  • Building-to-building communication where wiring isn't possible

Private mobile radio

  • Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR) and Extended SMR (ESMR)
  • Capitalizing on existing infrastructure for high-speed data transmission
  • Private Mobile Radio (PMR) and Trans European Trunked Radio (TETRA)
  • Transmission capacity considerations for voice and data

Cellular Technology

  • How analog cellular systems work
  • The building blocks of a cellular system
  • Frequency allocations and reuse
  • Call setup, hand-off/hand-over
  • Cellular planning and capacity
  • Advanced Mobile Phone Service (AMPS)/Narrow-Band AMPS (N-AMPS)
  • Total Access Communication System (TACS), Nordic Mobile Telephone
  • (NMT)
  • Changing standards

Digital cellular

  • Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)/Enhanced TDMA (ETDMA)
  • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), PCS1900
  • Digital AMPS (DAMPS)
  • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
  • Transmitting data via cellular: Cellular Digital Packet Data (CDPD)

Mobile Data Services

  • Short messaging, mobile modems
  • Public data networks
  • Paging services
  • Wireless support for Personal Digital Assistants (PDA)

Instrumentation and control services

  • Telemetry
  • Industrial/Scientific/Medical (ISM) applications
  • Tracking vehicles with the Global Positioning System (GPS)

Satellite-based mobile services

  • Creating a proprietary WAN with VSAT technology
  • Effective use of airborne communication services


  • Implementing Personal Communications Networks (PCN) in Europe and
  • Systems (PCS) in North America
  • Potential systems for truly global voice and data coverage: Low Earth Orbit
  • Satellites (LEOS), UPT, UMTS

Wireless ATM

  • Wireless ATM Reference Models
  • Fixed Wireless Components
  • Mobile End Users
  • Mobile Switches with Fixed End Users
  • Mobile Switches with Mobile End Users
  • Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
  • WATM Design Issue
  • WATM Protocol Architecture
  • Radio Access Layer
  • Physical Layer (PHY)
  • Medium Access Control (MAC)
  • Data Link Control (DLC)
  • Radio Resource Control (RRC)
  • Mobile ATM
  • Handover
  • Location Management
  • Routing
  • Addressing
  • Traffic Management/QoS
  • Wireless Network Management
  • WATM Projects and Status

Wireless/Wireline Integration

  • Introduction to Wireless/Wireline Integration
  • What is Wireless/Wireline Integration?
  • Business Case for Integration
  • Decision Analysis Matrix Scenarios
  • Companies with ownership of both wireless and wireline networks
  • Companies with ownership wireless networks
  • Companies with ownership of wireline networks
  • Companies with neither wireless or wireline networks but still in business
  • Integration process life cycle

Integrating Services

  • How Services Work
  • Basic Call Delivery
  • Advanced Features
  • Methods and Platforms to Integrate Wireline and Wireless Features
  • Voice and Data Communications
  • Information Management
  • Messaging
  • Internet Application Environment
  • Other Products and Platforms
  • Providing Increased Access to Telecommunications Services
  • On Any Terminal, In Any Location
  • Unified Method of Access
  • Exercise to Plan Integrated Wireless/Wireline Services

Focus on Integrating Operations

  • Importance of Presenting Customers with Unified Products and Services
  • Integrating Sales
  • Integrating Customer Care and Billing
  • One Point of Contact
  • Unifying Ordering, Billing, Service
  • Integrating Network Operations
  • Planning Exercise for Integrated Wireless/Wireline Operations

Focus on Architecture and Standards

  • Description and Comparison: Wireline and Wireless Network Components and Architecture
  • Customer Premises Equipment (CPE)
  • Switches
  • Radio Systems
  • Signaling Methods
  • Databases
  • Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN)
  • Signaling System 7 (SS7)
  • Interfaces Between Components
  • Compatibility with Various Interfaces
  • Major Competing Standards
  • Air Interface
  • Intersystem Signaling
  • Signaling System 7 (SS7)
  • Interconnection and Integration of Wireless and Wireline Networks
  • PCS and Cellular Networks
  • High-tier, Low-tier
  • Wireless Local Loop
  • Methods of Integration
  • SS7
  • Bellcore C Interface
  • Integrated Architecture Planning Exercise for Wireless/Wireline

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